Giant Adrenal Cyst : Epithelial Variant, A Rare Entity

  • S Vasudevan Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram.
  • Amit Kumar Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Kaustubh Suhas Vaidya Government Medical College, Trivandrum.
  • Krishna Balachandran Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram
Keywords: Epithelial Variant, Giant Cyst, Adrenal Cyst in Pregnancy, Adrenalectomy

Abstract

Adrenal cystic lesions are a rare entity encountered in clinical practice. They can be classified into 4 types – endothelial, pseudocyst, epithelial and parasitic. It is mostly asymptomatic and non-functional. Lack of definite laboratory and radiological diagnostic criteria makes it difficult to establish their diagnosis preoperatively and excision is needed in most cases. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is the treatment of choice although small, benign, asymptomatic, non functional lesions can be aspirated or put on surveillance. Epithelial cyst is one of the rare types of adrenal cyst comprising only 9% of all adrenal cysts with most of the benign cysts less than 7 cm. Hereby illustrating a rare case of incidentally diagnosed giant epithelial adrenal cyst, the incidence of which has been less than hundred in the literature reported so far

Author Biographies

S Vasudevan, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram.

Department of Urology

Amit Kumar, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram

Senior Resident, Department of Urology

Kaustubh Suhas Vaidya, Government Medical College, Trivandrum.

Senior Resident, Department of Urology 

Krishna Balachandran, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram

Professor, Department of Pathology

Published
2018-09-27